Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN)

At San Simeon by the Sound, Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) is one of many the highly specialized medical services provided.

TPN, also known as intravenous or IV nutrition feeding, is a method of providing nutrition through the veins which contain all or most calories and nutrients needed for daily function through solutions that contain a mixture of protein, carbohydrates, glucose, fat, vitamins and minerals using vascular access devices like PICC lines.

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San Simeon’s interdisciplinary team monitors and cares for TPN patients that do not have a functioning GI tract or who have disorders requiring complete bowel rest. An individualized plan is developed and customized to meet each patient’s specific needs based on age and organ function status.

With our patient-centered focus to ensure a rich quality of life, San Simeon by the Sound employs TPN to provide nutrients that are vital in maintaining high energy, hydration and strength levels in addition to promoting quicker healing.

Receiving TPN can be a life-saving method of receiving required nutrition, but like all treatments, it requires diligent monitoring and correct administration to be successful.

TPN is most often used for patients with Crohn’s disease, cancer, short bowel syndrome or ischemic bowel disease. However, critically ill patients who cannot receive nutrition orally for more than four days, are also candidates for TPN. Other cases in which TPN is used include severe pancreatitis, paralytic ileus, intractable vomiting, diarrhea and high-output fistula.

Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN)

The progress of TPN plans are monitored daily by an interdisciplinary team including body weight, CBC and electrolyte lab levels. In particular, plasma glucose should be monitored every six hours until glucose levels become stable. Other measurements including liver function and full nutritional assessments, including BMI calculation and Anthropometric measurements, are repeated at two-week intervals.

Our expert staff of highly trained medical professionals strictly adheres to aseptic technique which includes attentiveness to complications, as many patients will have altered defense mechanisms and complex conditions.

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